There are unlike types of mechanisms and equipment is used to produce garments. Among them, the sewing machine plays a significant role in the apparel manufacturing trade. There are a lot of stitching machines used in the clothing industry. So, it is vital to know about sewing machine. If you distinguish the basic parts of the sewing machine and how they work is an essential part of sewing. It allows you to correctly use your machine and makes troubleshooting easier when difficulties do arise. In this article, I will give clarification of the different parts of a sewing machine and its purposes.

Basic Setup Machine

The entire piece of equipment Pedal- used to make the stitches, works just like the pedal of the car.

Basic Setup- Thread stop thread

Directly from the reel, which was credited to a magazine, it goes through the top of the machine. The lower bobbin thread made from the store bought bobbin runs through the bottom of the machine.

Horizontal Spool Pin

Where the spool of thread is above the machine. Handle what you hold to carriage the whole machine, always use when moving the machine

Needle Thread Tension Dial

Let’s you set the tension of your particular project. Your material, stitch, and thread will regulate the tension setting you need

Take-up lever Controls

The movement of needle thread It must be at its maximum situation each time you start to stitch. If it is not, the yarn will be pulled up and away from the pointer as the lever rises, and you will have to thread the needle again.

Reverse Lever

Make it sew back * Always used at the beginning and end of a permanent stitch to keep the stitch in place. This is equivalent to tying a stitch when sewing by hand.

Face Plate

The front panel opens to access moving parts and light.

Thread Cutter

On the back of the pressed bar for suitability

Presser Foot

Holds fabric against feed system teeth

Feed System (aka Feed Dogs)

Moves fabric under the presser foot

Needle Plate

Has guidelines to help you sew square, even layers. It also provisions the fabric during sewing

Sewing table and accessory box

Front box that can hold supplies

Bobbin winder Guides

The yarn when substantial the bobbin with thread

Stitch length dial

Regulates the length of the stitches

Stitch width dial

Controls the width of zig-zag stitching. It also spots the needle for straight sewing.

Pattern indicator dial

Show pattern used  Not on our machines

Hole for second spool pin

Can hold an extra spool if needed*not on our machine

Hand wheel

Controls movement of the take-up lever and needle. It turns as the machine runs. You can interchange the needle up and down by rotating the roll toward you with your finger.

Basic Hand Stitches

Overhand Stitch A stitch ended by taking diagonal stitches over the material edge. It is used to grasp two fragments of fabric together.

Running Stitch This sew is made by going in and out of the cloth material in even measurements. This is the utmost elementary stitch for younger children to acquire.

Backstitch This is the toughest of handstitched. Use it in hard-to-reach areas by manufacturing a stitch; bring up the needle half a stitch length behind and in front of the previous stitch. Stitches on the underside appear double as long as those on the upper side. It has the presence of machine stitches on top with overlapping longer stitches on the bottommost. Prick stitch is a distinction of the backstitch with tiny stitches on the right sideways. It is used for enhancing topstitching or injecting a closure by hand.

Heirloom stitching

When sewing machine sewing with the arm needle, the needle hovels are enlarged, making a lace-like enhancing stitch. This is used to decorate hems and table covers on thin or medium weight fabrics in addition to plain texture fabrics.

Scallop stitching

The wave-shaped recapping decoration that looks like shells is termed as “scalloping”. It is used on the lapels of chemises and to embellish the boundaries of handkerchiefs.


Stitching transversely an undeveloped seam is called “fagoting”. It is used on tops and children’s wear. This stitch is more decorative when denser yarn is used.


The decorative stitch fashioned by stitching or cross-stitching over gathers is called “smocking”. It is used to decorate the front of chemises or cuffs. The smocking stitch adds quality and resistance to fabric.

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